Kazmerski TM, Stransky OM, Lavage DR, Hughan KS, Jain R, Ladores SL, Stalvey MS, Tangpricha V, Taylor-Cousar JL, West NE, Sawicki GS.
Nov 11, 2023
The nutritional status of children with cystic fibrosis (CF), as assessed by their body mass index percentile (BMIp), is a critical determinant of long-term health outcomes. While the intestinal microbiome plays an important role in nutrition, little is known regarding the relationship of the microbiome and BMIp in children with CF.
Pediatric patients (< 18 years old) with CF and healthy comparison patients (HCs) were enrolled in the study and stool samples obtained. BMIp was categorized as Green Zone (BMIp > 50th), Yellow Zone (BMIp 25th–49th) and Red Zone (BMIp < 25th). Intestinal microbiome assessment was performed via 16S rRNA gene sequencing; microbial richness, diversity, and differential species abundance were assessed.
Stool samples were collected from 107 children with CF and 50 age-matched HCs. Compared to HCs, children with CF were found to have lower bacterial richness, alpha-diversity, and a different microbial composition. When evaluating them by their BMIp color zone, richness and alpha-diversity were lowest in those in the Red Zone. In addition, an unclassified amplicon sequence variant (ASV) of Blautia, a known butyrate-producing anaerobe, was of lowest abundance in children in the Red Zone.
Children with CF have a dysbiotic intestinal microbiome with specific changes that accompany changes in BMIp. Longitudinal assessments of the microbiome and its metabolic activities over time are needed to better understand how improvements in the microbiome may improve nutrition and enhance long-term survival in children with CF.